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What are Police General Orders (PGO)?
PGO is a code of conduct for the operation of the Army and the Police. When any police officer performs his duties, for example, to arrest a suspect, he must comply with the PGO and other laws of the land.
The Police Force is a body established in accordance with the Constitution to oversee the safety of citizens and their property and in its operation is governed by various laws, regulations, procedures, and guidelines.
Police general order Tanzania pdf
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In addition, the Police Force has a General Performance Guide for the Police Force (Police General Orders) which has interpreted and provided guidance on the implementation of all laws governing its operation.
Tanzania Police Force General Orders; The police force in Tanzania is a national body that falls under the Ministry of Home Affairs and is led by the Inspector General of Police.
The Tanzania Police Force (TPF) is divided into five departments, which fall under the control of individual Commissioners. The departments are as follows:
- Administration and resource management;
- Criminal investigation;
- Dar es Salaam Special Police Zone; and
- Zanzibar police.
Further, the mandate of the TPF is to:
- Maintain law and order;
- Protect life and property; and
- Prevent, detect, and investigate crime.
Oversight of the police is conducted both internally and externally, with internal disciplinary procedures conducted by way of tribunals and other measures by the Principal Secretary of the Ministry of Police and the Inspector-General of Police.
Although private citizens are allowed to lay complaints against individual members at police stations, internal oversight mechanisms are not considered effective given the lack of transparency in proceedings and the disincentive to lodge complaints.
In terms of external oversight, the Office of the Ombudsman or Permanent Commission of Enquiry, which is an independent body, retains the power to investigate incidents of corruption and abuse of power by public authorities, including members of the police, and make recommendations to the President.
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The Constitution outlines the jurisdiction of the Ombudsman, which includes the power to investigate members of the Tanzanian and Zanzibar governments, members of commissions, and any other public authority, excluding the President.
In addition, the Offices of the Attorney-General and Auditor-General are empowered to audit the accounts of government and examine records and accounts.
Furthermore, Tanzania’s human rights commission, which is referred to as the Commission for Human Rights and Good Governance (CHRAGG), is responsible for investigating human rights abuses, which include allegations of police brutality, corruption, and violations of women’s rights, as well as incidents of maladministration.
Although CHRAGG’s independence has been questioned, civil society organizations in Tanzania have commended CHRAGG for making valuable contributions to human rights efforts, including the training of high-level police officials.
These organizations include the Legal and Human Rights Centre (LHRC), the Centre for Human Rights Promotion, and the Tanzania Women’s Lawyers’ Association, which are also actively engaged in police oversight issues.
- African Policing Civilian Oversight Forum (2008) An Audit of Police Oversight in Africa: Tanzania, p 69-70
- Interpol: Connecting Police For A Safer World. Country Profile: Swaziland. Available at http://www.interpol.int/Member-countries/Africa/Swaziland<Accessed on 1 April 2016>.
- African Policing Civilian Oversight Forum (2008) An Audit of Police Oversight in Africa: Swaziland\