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Discussion on the different types of droughts in South Africa: Droughts are categorised into four major categories namely:
- hydrological and,
- socio-economic drought
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What areas in South Africa are at risk of drought and desertification?
Ans: Some of the most affected areas include the Karoo in South Africa, which has endured semi-arid conditions for the last 500 years, Somalia, which has suffered three major drought crises in the last decade alone, and Ethiopia, with 75% of its land affected by desertification and a major famine between 1983 and1985.
Where did drought occur in Cape Town?
Ans: At the time, Cape Town faced the most severe drought in its history – and the Theewaterskloof Dam was dry. Today, city water stocks are close to their maximum capacity. But behind these mountains, in the city’s biggest and poorest township Khayelitsha, water is still a scarce commodity
Where does socio-economic drought occur in South Africa?
Ans: Much of the Eastern Cape province in South Africa has been experiencing a severe drought since 2015.
This drought has had major socio-economic effects particularly on the large impoverished rural population as well as on some urban areas where supplied water services have broken down in several cases
Which province receives the most rainfall in South Africa?
Ans: Average annual rainfall in South Africa is about 464 mm, with the Western Cape getting the majority of its rainfall in winter (June to August) and the rest of the country receiving summer (December to February) rainfall.
Is Northern Cape affected by drought?
Ans: Farmers in the Northern Cape, where a devastating drought has prevailed since 2011, are still in dire straits, despite the rainfall that occurred recently in some parts of the region. Sheep numbers have declined by as much as two-thirds during the past 12 years
Which place in KZN was affected by drought?
Ans: The most drought-stricken regions were uMkhanyakude, uThungulu, ILembe, Zululand, uMgungundlovu, Harry Gwala, uMzinyathi and uThukela.